How the visibility budgets are used for price undercutting in FMCG?

If you speak to any Territory Sales In-charge or Manager (TSM) of a large FMCG company, they are going to mention one huge problem called price undercutting that affects their daily work. In an earlier post, I have written about how the wholesale trade leads to price undercutting. In this post, I am going to write about …

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How Price Undercutting happens via Wholesale Trade?

Wikipedia defines price undercutting as: 'Price cutting, or undercutting, is a sales technique that reduces the retail prices to a level low enough to eliminate competition'. It is obvious that price under-cutting happens mostly to boost volume sales. This article is about how undercutting works in the context of Indian FMCG. Brief Overview of the …

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Wholesale market in India

Wholesellers are none but middlemen who buy products from distributors (wholesale/retail) and sell them to retailers. In most cases, the retailers come to the wholesellers to buy products to replenish their stock. However, wholesellers may also sell to end consumers, but such sales are minimal. In the Indian FMCG market, we have broadly two types of wholesellers: 1. …

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Wal-Mart pricing

In mid-1999, Wal-Mart had 2,435 big-box discount stores in nine countries selling everything from Barbie dream homes to handbags and Prodigy CDs. The recipe that made Wal-Mart the largest retailer in the world, hauling in $ 137 billion in sales in 1998, is very straightforward. First build stores two to three times the size of …

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